Students’feedback literacy in higher education: an initial scale validation study


Given the crucial role of feedback in supporting learning in higher education, understanding the factors influencing feedback effectiveness is imperative. Student feedback literacy, that is, the set of attitudes and abilities to make sense of and utilize feedback is therefore considered a key concept. Rigorous investigations of feedback literacy require psychometrically sound measurement. To this end, the present paper reports on the development and initial validation (N= 221) of a self-report instrument. Grounded in the conceptual literature and building on previous scale validation efforts, an initial overinclusive itempool is generated. Exploratory factor analysis and the Rasch measurement model yield adequate psychometric properties of an initial scale measuring two dimensions: feedback attitudes and feedback practices with a total of 21 items. We further provide evidence for criterion-related validity. Findings are discussed in light of the emerging feedback literacy literature and avenues for further improvement of the scale are reported.

Teaching in Higher Education

Woitt,S., Weidlich, J., Jivet, I., Göksün, D.O., Drachsler, H. & Kalz, M. (2023) Students’ feedback literacy in higher education: an initial scale validation study, Teaching in Higher Education, doi:

Marco Kalz
Marco Kalz
Professor of Educational Technology

My research interests is on open education, pervasive technologies and formative assessment to support (lifelong) learning and knowledge construction.